Welcome to the Georgia Department of Community Affairs
 

Community Indicators: Data Sources

Data Sources For 2008

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DEMOGRAPHIC

Population
 
Indicator Description: Total population estimates for 2007.
Source: US Bureau of the Census, 2007.

Population growth rate
 
Indicator Description: Percentage change in population between 2000 and 2007. Increases in population often indicate the growth and stability of a community, as well as the need for increased resources and services.
Source: US Bureau of the Census, 2000 and 2007.

Percent of population over age 65
 
Indicator Description: Percentage of total population age 65 and older. This population group, referred to as “the elderly”, is growing at a steady pace nationally. The elderly may not be involved in the workforce or may be in the process of retiring from the workforce. It is also noted that this age group often requires additional government services.
Source: US Bureau of the Census, 2000.

Percent of population under age 18
 
Indicator Description: Estimated percentage of total population between 0 and 17 years of age. This population group, often viewed as dependents, may not be fulltime participants in the workforce. It is also noted that this age group often requires additional government services.
Source: US Bureau of the Census, 2000.

Percent people of all ages in poverty
 
Indicator Description: Estimated percentage of total population with incomes below the federal poverty level. These model-based estimates of poverty are from the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program. This indicator is often used to measure a community’s standard of living. Also, this is a key indicator of progress, employment and family income in a community.
Source: US Bureau of the Census, SAIPE, 2007.
Notes: Before attempting to compare the poverty estimates, please see the Census' "General Cautions Page" http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/saipe/techdoc/cautions.html


ECONOMIC

Per capita income
 
Indicator Description: Total personal income (including wages, dividends, interest, rent, and government payments) divided by the total population. It is commonly used as an indicator of the quality of consumer markets and the economic well being of a community.
Source: US Bureau of Economic Analysis, 2006.

Employment growth
 
Indicator Description: Percentage increases in the number of jobs. The growth of employment opportunities can be an indicator of potential economic vitality in a community.
Source: GA Department of Labor, 2000-2007.
Notes: Employment changes can be affected by the following: (1) influx of people to an area, (2) new industries, (3) loss of industries, (4) expansion or closure of a company, and (5) seasonal employment.

Unemployment rate
 
Indicator Description: Percentage of the civilian labor force that is unemployed. This rate is often used as an indicator of a community’s economic health. Low unemployment rates reflect overall economic vitality.
Source: GA Department of Labor, 2007.

Job Tax Credit tier
 
Indicator Description: Relative ranking into tiers of each county in Georgia based on certain economic factors as required by the Georgia Job Tax Credit Law. The Job Tax Credit (JTC) program provides a tax credit on Georgia income taxes for eligible businesses that create new jobs in counties or "less-developed" census tract areas. Job creation requirements and the credit amount are determined by a county's annual ranking based on a combination of economic indicators: unemployment rate, per capita income, and poverty rate.
Source: GA Department of Community Affairs, 2008.
Notes: For further questions about JTC, please contact Russell Morrison 404-679-4825 or Dawn Sturbaum 404-679-1585.

Total deposits per capita
 
Indicator Description: Total deposits in commercial banks, savings and loan associations, and credit unions divided by the total population estimate for that year. This is commonly used to determine the economic health of a community in terms of its financial institutions.
Source: Current data not available at this time.


FISCAL

Net digest per capita
 
Indicator Description: The Net Property and Utility Digest amount per the population estimate. This measure indicates potential tax revenue for local governments.
Source: Current data not available at this time.

Millage rate
 
Indicator Description: The tax rate as expressed in mills for motor vehicles in the calendar year. All rates are expressed in dollars per thousand. For this indicator, the millage rate for the city includes that of the county or district. The tax rate is important to local governments because it is often their primary source of revenue.
Source: Current data not available at this time.
Notes: The digest millage rate applied for motor vehicles is often the same as the millage rate applied to the property taxes; however, it is possible for these rates to differ. This data is taken from the Motor Vehicle Millage Rate Manual published by the Department of Revenue. Data provided is the most accurate at the time of printing the publication. The data is to be used only as a point of reference. Please contact the local tax commissioner office for detailed information, if needed.

Long-term debt per capita
 
Indicator Description: Amount of long-term debt outstanding at end of the fiscal year (includes lease purchase agreements). This measure indicates the degree to which the local government has entered into debt to finance capital projects. A high debt per capita figure can indicate a local government may be over extended, whereas a low debt per capita may indicate a local government is not taking advantage of the benefits of long-term financing.
Source: GA Department of Community Affairs, Report of Local Government Finance, Fiscal years end in 2007.
Notes: More information is needed before using this measure to judge a community’s financial health.

Fiscal capacity index
 
Indicator Description: Scoring of local government fiscal capacity based upon available resources as represented by the property tax digest and other sources such as sales taxes, licenses, permits, fees, and miscellaneous taxes. A score of 100 represent the average fiscal capacity for counties and municipalities. Those with capacities above the state median will have fiscal capacity indices above 100; those with capacities below the median will have indices below 100.
Source: Current data not available at this time.
Notes: For more information, please go to “Other Local Government Publication/Reports”.

Fiscal effort index
 
Indicator Description: Scoring of local government fiscal effort based upon actual revenue collected versus potential revenue. Potential revenue is calculated using an average rate for all local governments of the same type. County and consolidated governments are included in one group; municipalities are in another for the purposes of calculating an average tax rate. Jurisdictions with fiscal effort indices below 100 are taxing below their calculated capacity to raise revenue.
Source: Current data not available at this time.
Notes: For more information, please go to “Other Local Government Publication/Reports”.


EDUCATION

Adults with at least high school diploma
 
Indicator Description: Percentage of adults, age 25 and over, who have a high school diploma or more. It has been noted that communities with a better-educated adult population tend to have stronger economies and a higher standard of living.
Source: US Bureau of the Census, 2000.

Adults with at least a bachelor's degree
 
Indicator Description: Percentage of adults, age 25 and over, who have earned at least a bachelor’s degree. Economic vitality of a community is linked to the education of a community’s residents. Post-secondary education is critical to building a qualified and educated workforce in a community.
Source: US Bureau of the Census, 2000.


HEALTH

Infant mortality rate
 
Indicator Description: The number of deaths occurring to infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births. Data is reported by place of residence not place of death. Infant mortality is an international health indicator and an indirect measure of prenatal care.
Source: Data not available at this time.
Notes: "NR" used to represent low number event in the case there were 4 or fewer events on which rates would be based.

Physician rate per 10,000
 
Indicator Description: Total number of licensed physicians per 10,000 population. Information is from the State Composite Board of Medical Examiners. Access to professional health care providers is a key quality of life measure in a community.
Source: Current data not available at this time.
Notes: Licensing is required every other year and includes physicians who are in administration and do not see patients.

Nursing home beds per 1,000
 
Indicator Description: Number of general nursing home beds per 1,000 population. The beds are “capacity beds” as determined by the Certificate of Need for the facility. Data does not include federal, state operated, private psychiatric, or special hospitals and nursing homes.
Source: GA Department of Community Health, Division of Health Planning, 200
Notes: All facilities that were open for at least part of the report year are included.


SOCIAL

Crime rate per 1,000
 
Indicator Description: The number of index crimes reported per 1,000 persons. Total index crimes include violent crimes (murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault) and property crimes (burglary, larceny, auto theft). The crime data is collected by Georgia law enforcement agencies and reported by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in its annual Uniform Crime Report (UCR).
Source: Current data not available at this time.
Notes: The source for this indicator is different for the 1998 Report.

Child abuse and neglect rate
 
Indicator Description: The number of total substantiated cases of child abuse and neglect per 1,000 children under age 18. The total substantiated cases include those that are closed and those that remain open. Substantiated cases mean a report was investigated and determined to have substantial evidence that abuse or neglect occurred. A case may include several children and many incidents of maltreatment.
Source: GA Department of Human Resources, DFCS, Protective Services Unit, 2007.
Notes: Data on child abuse and neglect can be affected by variations in the definitions of child abuse and neglect, counting procedures for reports, investigation procedures, methodologies for collecting statistics, and agency policies and capacities.

Teen pregnancy rate per 1,000
 
Indicator Description: Reported teen pregnancies per 1,000 females age 15 - 19. Pregnancy includes live births, spontaneous abortions and induced terminations. Teen mothers and their children are more likely to live in poverty. They also are susceptible to other social, health and educational challenges.
Source: Current data not available at this time.
Notes: "NR" used to represent low number event in the case there were 4 or fewer events on which rates would be based.


ENVIRONMENTAL

Air quality attainment
 
Indicator Description: Indicates whether an area has met the Ozone maintenance area requirements. For those areas designated as non-attainment, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets regulatory standards and monitors the pollutants. Clean air is vital to a healthy population and high quality of life.
Source: Current data not available at this time.
Notes: EPA recently revised the ozone standard from 1-hour ozone standard to an 8-hour average ozone standard. This indicator is helpful in determining whether the emissions of certain air pollutants (such as sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, lead, and nitrogen dioxide) affect a community’s human health and environment.

Toxic release (pounds)
 
Indicator Description: The pounds of toxic chemicals that are being used, manufactured, treated, transported, or released into the environment. The figures do not report whether chemical releases pose potential health or environmental hazards.
Source: Current data not available at this time.
Notes: Data is taken from the annual report, the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI). Manufacturing and utilities facilities are required to report releases.


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Homeownership rate
 
Indicator Description: Percentage of housing units that are owner occupied. This figure is an indicator of housing affordability. Changes in income, housing costs and housing supply are reflected in the homeownership rate.
Source: US Bureau of the Census, 2000.

Voter participation 2004 election
 
Indicator Description: Percentage of registered voters who voted in the 2004 general election. This indicator is a measure of public involvement with the political process.
Source: Office of the Secretary of State, Elections Division, 2004.

Voter participation 2006 election
 
Indicator Description: Percentage of registered voters who voted in the 2006 general election. This indicator is a measure of public involvement with the political process.
Source: Office of the Secretary of State, Elections Division, 2006

Voter participation 2008 election
 
Indicator Description: Percentage of registered voters who voted in the 2008 general election. This indicator is a measure of public involvement with the political process.
Source: Office of the Secretary of State, Elections Division, 2008


LABOR MARKET

Civilian labor force
 
Indicator Description: Number in the civilian labor force market. Labor force includes residents of the county who are employed or actively seeking employment.
Source: Georgia Department of Labor, 2007

Average weekly wage
 
Indicator Description: Average weekly wage for all industries. This derived by dividing gross payroll dollars paid (includes bonuses, incentive pay, etc.) to all employees- both hourly and salaried-by the average number of employees who had earnings. Average earnings are then divided by 52 weeks to obtain weekly figures.
Source: Georgia Department of Labor, Workforce Information and Analysis, 2007

Percent employed in goods industry
 
Indicator Description: Percentage employed in good producing industry.
Source: Georgia Department of Labor, 2007

Percent employed in service industry
 
Indicator Description: Percent employed in service producing industry.
Source: Georgia Department of Labor, 2007