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Glossary

Assessed property value

In Georgia property is required to be assessed at 40% of the fair market values unless otherwise specified by law. The Board of Tax Assessors assesses property at the county level.
Data source: GA Department of Revenue.

Average expenditure per student (public education)

Total general fund expenditures used to teach and support a student in a school system. This four-year average includes expenditures for instruction, media, pupil services, capital project, school food, and debt services.
Data source: GA Department of Education, Georgia Public Education Report Cards.

Average weekly wage

Total dollars paid (including bonuses, incentive pay, etc.) to all employees (both hourly and salaried) during the year divided by the average number of employees. This figure is then divided by 52 weeks to obtain a weekly estimate.
Data source: GA Department of Labor.

Millage rate

The tax rate expressed in mills for property. One mill produces $1.00 tax for every $1,000 worth of property value. The rates for each county is set annually by the board of county commissioners, or other governing authority of the taxing jurisdiction, and by the Board of Education. We calculated the millage rate by totaling the rates of the following taxing jurisdictions: State (.25 mills), county school and county unincorporated (except for Athens-Clarke and Columbus-Muscogee consolidated governments where the incorporated mill rate was used).
Data source: GA Department of Revenue, the annual Georgia County Ad Valorem Tax Digest.

Dropout rate

The number of students in grades 9-12, who dropped out of the school system during the school year. Calculated by dividing the number of dropouts by the full-time total enrollment. Students are reported as dropouts if they leave for one of the following reasons: Marriage, expelled, financial hardship/job, incarcerated/under jurisdiction of juvenile or criminal justice authority, low grades/school failure, military, adult education/postsecondary, pregnant/parent, removed for lack of attendance, serious illness/accident, and unknown.
Data source: GA Department of Education, Georgia Public Education Report Cards.

Index crime rate

The number of index crimes reported per 100,000 persons. Total index crimes include violent crimes (murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault) and property crimes (burglary, larceny, auto theft). The crime data is collected by Georgia law enforcement agencies and reported by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in its annual Uniform Crime Report (UCR).
Data source: GA Crime Information Center, GA Bureau of Investigation.

Infant mortality rate

The total number of infant deaths occurring in a specific time period (usually one year) per 1,000 total live births during the same time period. Data are reported by place of residence, not place of death.
Data source: Division of Public Health, GA Department of Human Resources.

Job Tax Credit Tier (JTC)

Relative ranking of Georgia counties into tiers based on certain economic factors as required by the Georgia Job Tax Credit Law. The Job Tax Credit (JTC) program provides a tax credit on Georgia income taxes for eligible businesses that create new jobs in counties or "less-developed" census tract areas. Job creation requirements and the credit amount are determined by a county's annual ranking based on a combination of economic indicators: unemployment rate, per capita income, poverty rate, and average manufacturing wage.
Data source: GA Department of Community Affairs.

Legal organ

A journal or newspaper that serves as the county’s official organ for reporting public notices and meetings. The judge of the probate court is required annually to notify the Secretary of State of this information.
Data source: GA Secretary of State.

Long-term debt outstanding

Amount of long-term debt outstanding at end of the fiscal year (includes lease purchase agreements).
Data source: GA Department of Community Affairs, Report of Local Finances.

Median household income

Median income is the amount which divides the income distribution into two equal groups, half having incomes above the median, half having incomes below the median. Income estimates are based on income before taxes and do not include non-cash benefits, such as food stamps. A household consists of all persons--related family members and all unrelated persons-- who occupy a housing unit and have no other usual address.
Data source: Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Per capita personal income

Total personal income (including wages, dividends, interest, rent, and government payments) divided by the total population.
Data source: Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Physician rate (physician)

Total number of licensed physicians per 10,000 population. Information is from the State Composite Board of Medical Examiners.
Data source: Georgia Board of Physician Workforce, GA Department of Community Health.

Poverty

This is based on pre-tax money income only, excluding capital gains, and does not include the value of non-cash benefits, such as food stamps. Poverty thresholds are updated every year to reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index.
Data source: Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Total area

The total size, in square units of all areas designated as land in the Census Bureau's national geographic (TIGER®) database.
Data source: US Bureau of the Census.

Unemployment rate

Percentage of the civilian labor force that is unemployed.
Data source: GA Department of Labor.


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