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:: Baker County ::

Community Profile

County Formed December 12, 1825
County Seat Newton
Incorporated Cities Newton
Total Area 349.075554 square miles


From its county population in 2000 of 4053 to its current population estimate of 3255, the county has experienced a growth change of -798.

Baker County, in southwest Georgia, was formed from Early County in 1825. The county was named for Colonel John Baker, a Puritan and hero of the Revolutionary War (1775-83).

In 1828 the settlement of Byron (near Albany) was designated the first county seat, but residents complained that the location was too close to the Lee County border. Subsequently, the county seat was moved to Newton in 1831. Newton, named for another Revolutionary War hero, Sergeant John Newton, was incorporated in 1872.

The last battle of the Creek Indian War of 1836 was fought in Baker County at Chickasawhatchee Swamp near Red Bluff. Indian villages were first recorded in the Baker County area by Spanish explorer Hernando DeSoto in 1540.

Points of Interest

The schoolhouse, built in Newton in the 1930s, was remodeled in 2000 to serve as the permanent courthouse for Baker County. The county's historic courthouse was damaged in 1994, when it was flooded to nearly the second floor by the Flint River.

The historic Baker County Courthouse, built in Newton in 1900, was flooded by the Flint River in 1994. Baker County has been subject to several floodings of the river throughout its history, most notably in 1925, 1929, and 1994. Today the repaired courthouse holds the county's public library and historical society headquarters.

The Pine Bloom Plantation, which includes Greek Revival architecture, was added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 9, 1990.

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Additional County Info
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State of Georgia

Ichawaynochaway Creek

Agriculture dominates the local economy

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