The Neoclassical Revival-style Appling County courthouse was built in Baxley, the county's second seat, in 1907-8.
In January 2000 Baxley received distinction as a "Better Hometown," an award created by Georgia Power Company and the Georgia Department of Community Affairs to emphasize those areas that possess qualities for potential growth in the state.
The pine turpentine exhibit, located in the Heritage Center Museum in Appling, features a pine tree stump and a "cut box" used to collect sap in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The exhibit contains an extensive collection of tools, as well as posters and papers on the farming and uses of turpentine.
The Georgia Power Company's Edwin I. Hatch Nuclear Power Plant is located within the county on the Altamaha River. Completed in 1974, the Hatch Plant makes Georgia Power one of the county's largest employers.